What are Nominal Adjectives?
Nominal adjectives are adjectives used in nominalizations, which focus on abstract concepts and general ideas such as goodness, politeness, and justice. They often have a nominal form while possessing qualities typically associated with an adjective; this means nominal adjectives have the same meaning as other words in a nominalization but bring a more vivid quality to the idea. Nominal adjectives can be quite useful when trying to express an idea or concept without sounding too abstract, giving your writing a more vivid tone.
For example, one may say “She is strong,” to show physical strength, but one could just as easily opt for nominal adjectives like “She has strength” or “She demonstrates fortitude.”
In addition, nominal adjectives can help create cohesion within the text by adding related elements back into the conversation that had been forgotten earlier on. Overall, nominal adjectives are an important tool for writers who want to add depth and nuance to their writing.
Nominal Adjectives Rules
Learning these four critical rules when using Nominal Adjectives will help communication become clearer and easier.
|Equal weight||Adjectives should be of equal weight or importance. For example, you wouldn’t say “a very big and large house.”|
|Same Form||Adjectives should be in the same form. For example, you wouldn’t say “a very big and large houses.”|
|Same Category||Adjectives should be in the same category. For example, you wouldn’t say “a very cold and hot day.”|
|Placement||If compound adjectives are made up of an adjective and a noun, the order usually goes adjective + noun. For example, you would say “a world-renowned chef,” not “a renowned world chef.”|
Examples of Nominal Adjectives
Nominal adjectives are a type of adjective used to convey nominal characteristics. They describe an individual’s status or characteristic in terms of a group, title, or classification.
For example, nominal adjectives can include words such as:
- ‘Veteran’ for someone who has served in the military,
- ‘Doctor’ for a medical professional, or
- ‘Manager’ for someone who is responsible for overseeing a specific department within an organization.
Additionally, nominal adjectives can also refer to age categories including ‘teenager’ or ‘elderly’, nationalities like ‘German’ and job descriptions such as ‘musician’. Whether referring to a person’s present occupation or their past feat, nominal adjectives can be an effective way to communicate essential information about them concisely.
Nominal Adjectives Exercises with Answers
- “The _ balloon rose beyond the clouds.”
- “The _ vase was cleaned up and mended.”
- “Two _ cars drove down the highway.”
- “An _ chemistry textbook is the best thing for you.”
- “A _ victory yields the best rewards.”
- “The red balloon rose beyond the clouds.”
- “The broken vase was cleaned up and mended.”
- “Two blue cars drove down the highway.”
- “An applied chemistry textbook is the best thing for you.”
- “A hard-fought victory yields the best rewards.”
Nominal Adjectives List
|Financial||Relating to money or funds.|
|Astronomical||Very large or high.|
|Egotistical||Excessively conceited or self-centered.|
|Environmental||Relating to the natural surroundings.|
|Historical||Connected with history or past events.|
|Spiritual||Relating to the human soul or spirit.|
|Emotional||Arousing strong feelings.|
Advice for ESL Students & English Language Learners
As an ESL student or English language learner, nominal adjectives can be a confusing part of speech. Nominal adjectives stand between nouns and adjectives, further blurring characterizations of words usually on the opposite ends of a spectrum.
When confronted with nominal adjectives, it is important to not give up. Taking the time to picture how nominal adjectives might look when used in real life can help bring clarity and understanding. Remember that nominal adjectives often do not take on any formative plural (exception: nominal adjective “others”), meaning it is impossible to mistake a singular nominal adjective for a plural noun, no matter what its form may appear as in writing.
With practice and commitment, nominal adjectives can become an invaluable tool for ESL students and English language learners alike. Additionally, it is important for learners to properly understand Limiting Adjectives and Denominal Adjectives.
Common Mistakes Made by English Learners
One of the most common mistakes made by English learners involves nominal adjectives – words such as unique, extreme, perfect, ideal, comparative and subliminal.
Learning to use these words correctly is essential for writing with fluency in English. In a nominal adjective phrase, the nominal adjective must be placed before the noun it is describing; for example: “Extreme traffic” or “Unique circumstances”. A nominal adjective ties two separate words together to create more descriptive and vivid phrasing. Practicing nominal adjectives can give English learners more confidence in how they express themselves in their native language.
1. Incorrect Tense
Why it Happens
Not having a firm grasp on correct tense usage can confuse your statements. This can cause you to use the wrong adjectives and misconstrue your message.
When speaking in the present simple tense, you would use an adjective that reflects current habits and routines. Keep tense in mind when selecting your adjectives.
2. Lack of Compounds
Why it Happens
The first mistake is leaving out compound adjectives when needed. Failing to use these compound phrases can lead others to misinterpret what you are trying to express.
Compound adjectives join two words to accurately describe something – for example, ‘a well-known actress’ or a ‘tidy little package’.
Why it Happens
People forget how they described something before and change the context in a contradictory manner. This confuses the reader.
Be sure that your adjectives remain consistent throughout your writing. There should be no sudden shifts from ‘dark brown’ to ‘light tan’ unless there was a clear shift in the thing being described.
4. Incorrect Usage
Why it Happens
You don’t know which adjectives to use, so you use too many and it confuses the statement.
Using too many adjectives can make your writing sound monotonous and can also lead to viewers losing interest. Therefore it is important to focus on expressing yourself clearly and effectively with them.
Tips to Avoid Common Mistakes:
One of the most common mistakes people make in their writing is confusing nominal adjectives for verbs. Nominal adjectives are descriptive words that describe the noun, such as “beautiful,” “intriguing,” or “lucrative.”
Nominal adjectives describe objects, places, people and ideas, but do not act upon them. Verbs on the other hand, express action and can be used to tell a story. People often mistake nominal adjectives for verbs because of how closely they resemble each other.
It is important to get these two parts of speech straight in order to ensure accuracy in your writing. Trying to identify these types of adjectives versus verbs can help you avoid this common grammar mistake. With some practice and patience, nominal adjective confusion won’t hinder your writing abilities any longer!
Learning Nominal Adjectives Strategies and Best Practices
Learning nominal adjectives can be a tricky task for non-native English speakers. These words are often used to make compound nouns, so one effective strategy is to spend some time studying noun-adjective combinations.
- Looking at nominal adjective combinations in example sentences can help reinforce the correct structure and usage of these compounds.
- Additionally, practicing building nominal adjective phrases on your own by combining nouns with other descriptive words such as adverbs and adjectives is a great way to gain confidence and proficiency.
- Finally, don’t forget the importance of continual review. You may find it helpful to set aside a few minutes each day for reviewing nominal adjectives – this will prevent them from slipping through the cracks and ensure that you can apply these types of adjectives whenever they are necessary.
Keep reading for more useful tips:
Tip 1: Study a List
Why it helps
Learning the various forms and using them properly in speaking and writing is easier than it seems with daily practice. A list can simplify this process and make it seem less daunting.
Daily Life Example
The best way to learn to use adjectives correctly is to study a list of adjectives and their usages, and then practice writing sentences with them.
Tip 2: Practice Reading
Why it helps
Exposing yourself to adjectives hidden between other words can help you identify them faster and with more accuracy.
Daily Life Example
To ensure that you understand how frequently an adjective should be used it’s important to practice reading with them as well, so the meanings become clear. So keep a book of your choice on hand and highlight every adjective you come across.
Tip 3: Everyday Conversations
Why it helps
By applying the adjectives exercise to everyday conversations, you’ll find these words easy to remember and use in the near future.
Daily Life Example
Take your time when speaking to people. Take note of the adjectives they use, and try and repeat them back in different contexts. You can also do this from the comfort of your home by recording yourself or using an AI assistant.
Nominal Adjectives Frequently Asked Questions
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