Situation and Comparison
What are Prepositions of Comparison?
Prepositions of comparison allow us to compare, separate, or differentiate between two people, things, ideas, and so on. The most common prepositions used for this function are between, like, than, and unlike.
Let’s look at some examples of prepositions of comparison in sentences:
- This design is unlike the one that was presented during the meeting.
- You’re definitely taller than him.
- It’s quite hard for me to distinguish between these shades of blue.
- I’m amazed at how you look just like your father when he was your age.
- The crowd was about 100 more people than yesterday’s group.
Prepositions of Comparison Rules
|Prepositions require objects||Prepositional phrases are made up of prepositions and their objects. There are several sentence structures that break prepositional phrases, but their objects are always clearly recognizable. Let’s look at some examples:|
– I’m at least a foot taller than my brother.
– Gillian couldn’t decide between two things on the menu.
– You look like a Sicilian with your new tan.
|Placement||With the exception of some sentence structures, prepositions are almost always found before their objects. For example:|
– Nikki sounds unlike herself these past few days
– It seems like people now get offended so easily.
– What’s the difference between these two options?
Note: objects of prepositions function differently from objects of verbs. Objects of verbs are “receivers” of actions. Meanwhile, objects of prepositions are nouns or pronouns either referred to or affected by the prepositions, which don’t essentially receive an action.
|Pronouns as Objects of Prepositions||When the objects of the preposition are pronouns, they are always in the objective case: me, us, you, him, her, it, them. When using possessive, both possessive pronouns and possessive determiners may apply. For example:|
– You sing just like her.
– This house is huge; but put against yours, it’s tiny.
– Miss Stoger is unlike his old boss.
Examples of Prepositions of Comparison
- If it’s between those two venues, the one closer to work is better.
- They were only allowed to choose between two options.
- The price isn’t so different between the tiers.
- Pick between these seats.
- As for the party, Hernan couldn’t decide between these themes.
- How did Mi Ran learn to speak like a native speaker?
- Lia has always sounded like a Disney princess when she sings.
- Stop acting like a disgruntled pelican.
- It’s like stepping into a fairy tale!
- I stopped hanging out with them because they behave like fools.
- This city is so unlike the one I was used to.
- Unlike Rianne, Jules actually delivers on her promises.
- Jimmy is so unlike his mother in every way besides his eyes.
- Unlike yesterday’s trail, this one isn’t so steep.
- It’s so unlike Orly to behave that way, I’m sorry.
- A group of more than thirty players registered for the E-game event.
- This courier service is a lot more reliable than the last one.
- Aren’t you older than Timothy?
- Quoc Anh thought he was faster than Lorry.
- I like this cake because it’s less sweet than that one.
Prepositions of Comparison Exercises with Answers
Exercise on Prepositions of Comparison
Choose the proper preposition of comparison from the options given.
1. If we carpooled, we’ll get there earlier _______ if we don’t.
2. There’s a gradient disparity _______ the logos.
3. It’s so _______ Carla to get angry so easily.
4. Just _______ the year before, they used the same dance routine.
5. Is there a huge difference _______ the tour packages?
1. a: If we carpooled, we’ll get there earlier than if we don’t.
2. a: There’s a gradient disparity between the logos.
3. It’s so unlike Carla to get angry so easily.
4. a: Just like the year before, they used the same dance routine.
5. b: Is there a huge difference between the tour packages?
Prepositions of Comparison List
Below is a list of prepositions used for comparisons with definitions and examples:
|After||similar to||I drew after the style of a pointillism piece I saw.|
|Below||fewer or less than||Don’t sell your goods below the market price.|
|Beside||compared with||Beside her dish, yours is excellent.|
|Between||to differentiate||Can you tell the difference between these labels?|
|Like||similar to||These look just like the earrings you got in India.|
|Near||about the same or similar to||Nobody’s sense of color can come near hers.|
|Over||more than||We spent over the budget.|
|Than||the other part of a comparison||It’s easier said than done.|
|Under||fewer or less than||It’s under its usual price.|
|Unlike||not similar to||Their guacamole is unlike anything I’ve ever tasted.|
Advice for ESL Students & English Language Learners
|Use Grammar Lists||Lists and tables made for English grammar won’t be able to replace books, but they can act as valuable tools to complement learning. They break down complicated grammar subjects into simplified versions, which is helpful when you need quick references or comparisons. An excellent way to benefit from this learning method is to make your own lists. This will customize your material naturally and personalize content to suit your learning preferences and language requirements.|
|Use Audio-Visual Resources||All language learners must self-study. Classroom instruction isn’t enough. But to get the full advantage of learning independently, you should have the proper tools. English media is one of them. By adding your favorite English language films, TV shows, social media channels, music, and podcasts to your learning routine, you’ll gain a larger insight into how native and non-native English speakers use the language in different social, academic, and professional contexts. This will ultimately improve your understanding of language elements and enhance your vocabulary and sentence construction skills.|
|Practical Use||A lot of English language learners struggle because they live or study in places where English isn’t widely spoken or used. This puts them at a great disadvantage because the only real way to improve their language skills is to use the language regularly. If you are in the same situation, it’s important to remember that there are ways to make an “English environment” for yourself. Establishing a study group with classmates and friends is a good starting point. This will provide a platform to explore language with others and you can help each other accomplish your goals. Furthermore, you can maintain personal relationships with English speakers, native and non-native alike, which will enhance your communication skills.|
Common Errors Made by English Learners
|Wrong Preposition||Mastering prepositions is challenging because each one can have multiple meanings and distinctive functions. It’s important to study the definitions of each preposition and be mindful of how they’re used in sentences. For example, after Jolly’s technique doesn’t mean the same thing as near Jolly’s technique. The first one means to follow Jolly’s technique, while the second one means close to it. Learn these differences and exercise them in writing and speaking. Eventually, you’ll be able to choose the right preposition for your own sentences.|
|Like vs As||The preposition “like” means the same as something or similar to something. For example:|
– Marie looks like an actress.
– He is acting like a child.
– You sound just like your mom.
Like is mainly used when comparing people or things.
On the other hand, “as” means in the same manner or condition.
– They went to the Halloween party as characters from The Conjuring.
– No one can cook pasta as your mom can.
– Teach as you do when I’m not around.
|Than as a Preposition vs Than as a Conjunction||The difference between “than” functioning as a preposition and a conjunction is quite technical but not at all that difficult.|
When the word “than” is followed by a noun or pronoun, it is considered a preposition. When it’s followed by a clause (a group of words with a subject and a verb), however, it’s considered a conjunction. For example:
As a preposition:
– She sings better than me.
– You’re much smaller than Chandra.
– This house is a lot bigger than that.
As a conjunction:
– It’s about 100 dollars more than we had anticipated.
– The project was a lot more work than Devon thought it would.
– I thought I could finish it faster than she did.
Learning Strategies and Best Practices with Prepositions of Comparison
Prepositions are some of the most widely used words in English. However, they are rarely studied individually in regular English classes. In many instances, English students learn prepositions through experience. They hear phrases spoken a specific way and add them naturally to their own vocabulary without really thinking about them. Here are some best practices to observe when studying and using prepositions of comparison:
- It’s probably not necessary to know the intricate technicalities of English grammar in whatever way you need English. Unless of course, you want to get into a career in linguistics. Prepositions are one of the most perplexing topics you can ever come across. But instead of putting an emphasis on their individual meanings, study them as phrases. Listen to and take note of how English speakers use them and follow suit. You may already be aware that there are standard expressions in English that are often unaffected by rules or logic. It’s just the way they’re spoken. When you are talking to a group of native speakers, avoid asking “Why do you use this and not that?” Instead, ask “How do you say this?”
- When in doubt, refer to a grammar list, chart, or dictionary. Also, you don’t need to use prepositions all the time. If you’re having a difficult time wondering what the right preposition to use is, why don’t you practice your paraphrasing skills and reconstruct your sentence in a way that doesn’t need prepositions.
- Read, practice, talk. The more prepositional phrases you have acquired, the more accurate you’ll get in choosing not only the proper words but also the correct ways of using them. In time, you’ll be able to do it instinctively.
Prepositions of Comparison Frequently Asked Questions
Learn from History – Follow the Science – Listen to the Experts
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